Buying your first home is an exciting milestone in life!
It’s crucial to understand the home buying process to make informed decisions. Here we will guide you through the steps involved in purchasing your first home in New Zealand, including an overview of the Kainga Ora “First Home” products; First Home Loan, First Home Grant, Kiwisaver First Home Withdrawal
What is Equity?
Equity refers to the difference between the value of a property and the outstanding amount of the mortgage loan. In simple terms, it is the portion of the property that you own outright. When buying your first home, you’ll need to provide a deposit, which contributes to your equity. Lenders often require a specific percentage of the property’s value as a deposit.
How Much Deposit Do You Need?
The deposit required for purchasing a home in New Zealand varies depending on several factors. Generally, a deposit of at least 20% is desirable to avoid additional costs such as Lender’s Mortgage Insurance (LMI), however using as little as 10% is a possiblity and first-time homebuyers may be eligible for government schemes, such as the Kainga Ora First Home Loan and the KiwiSaver First Home Grant. These can help increase their deposit amount. On the other hand if you’re buying a property for investment purposes a higher LVR (loan to value ratio) of 65% is now required due to the Reserve Bank NZ requirements.
How Does The Kainga Ora First Home Grant Work?
If you are a prospective first home buyer in New Zealand and you have been contributing to KiwiSaver for 3 or more years, and have at least 5% deposit, then you can potentially receive up to another $10,000 towards your deposit from Kainga Ora. There are some other criteria that affect the amount you can borrow such as how much you earn, where you live, and what type of property you are wanting to buy. For full details visit the Kainga Ora First Home Grant webpage, or to apply, visit the Kainga Ora First Home Grant Application webpage.
How Does The Kainga Ora KiwiSaver First Home Withdrawal Work?
There are only a few ways that you are allowed to withdraw your savings from KiwiSaver; when you are in financial hardship, at retirement age (currently 65), or when you are buying your first home. Generally speaking you can withdraw all of your KiwiSaver except for the initial government contribution of $1,000, though it’s important to realise that the amount in your KiwiSaver can fluctuate more or less depending on the type of fund you are invested in.
If you are thinking about withdrawing your KiwiSaver, it may be appropriate to talk to your financial adviser who is qualified in KiwiSaver and Investment (unfortunately Ben Konings is only currently qualified for Mortgage advice). To apply, reach out to your Kiwisaver provider and tell them that you would like to start the process – they will be able to help you. Alternatively, you can find more information about KiwiSaver First Home Withdrawal on the Kainga Ora Website.
What Is the Kainga Ora First Home Loan?
In a nutshell, the Kainga Ora First Home Loan allows you to buy your first home with as little as 5% deposit. Kainga Ora underwrite the loan to enable the bank to meet it’s responsibilities under NZ banking regulations. It’s only available at selected banks, and there are a few other nuances to take into account. If you’re interested in buying your first home with as little as 5% deposit contact us or visit the Kainga Ora First Home Loan webpage.
What Is the Kainga Ora First Home Partnership Scheme?
In the Kainga Ora First Home Partnership scheme, Kainga Ora take a share of equity in your property reducing the amount you need to borrow. Unfortunately this scheme was too popular and has currently been withdrawn/paused.
Calculating Your Income
To determine your eligibility for a mortgage, lenders assess your income and its stability. They consider various sources of income, such as your salary, wages, self-employment earnings, and rental income. It’s essential to provide accurate and up-to-date documentation to support your income claims. If you are paid salary or wages, your three most recent payslips will be required, however if you are self employed your most recent business accounts prepared by a chartered accountant will be required, along with your personal IR3 (income tax return). Self employed income can be tricky to deal with, as there are many nuances that we can advise on. Get in touch with us if you are having trouble with the bank and are self employed.
Lenders also conduct an affordability assessment to ensure you can comfortably manage mortgage repayments. They consider your income, existing debts, and living expenses. It’s crucial to maintain a good credit score and manage your debts responsibly to increase your chances of obtaining a mortgage, though some non-bank lenders can be helpful if this is an issue. Generally speaking, three months of transaction statements is required to confirm household expenditure and affordability – for help downloading these statements see our guide to learn how to easily download your bank statements.
Types of Insurance to Consider
When buying a home, it’s important to protect your investment and mitigate potential risks. There are several types of insurance you should consider, including:
Covers damages to the structure and contents of your home due to unforeseen events such as fire, theft, or natural disasters. Most lenders will not give you a mortgage unless you confirm a home insurance policy is in place.
Protects your personal belongings inside the home.
Mortgage Protection Insurance:
Mortgage Protection Insurance is an optional insurance policy that helps cover your mortgage repayments if you become unable to work due to illness, injury, or redundancy. It provides peace of mind and ensures that your home remains secure during challenging times.
Researching the Market
Before making an offer on a property, thorough research is essential. Evaluate the local property market, comparable sales, and consider working with a qualified real estate agent. Research allows you to make an informed decision and understand the property’s value.
Negotiating the Purchase Price
When making an offer, consider factors such as market conditions, the property’s condition, and your budget. Engage in negotiations with the seller or their agent to reach a mutually acceptable purchase price. It’s important to set a budget and avoid getting caught up in bidding wars that might exceed your financial capacity.
Clauses and Conditions
At this stage it’s also important to consult professionals such as your mortgage broker and solicitor (lawyer) to determine which clauses or conditions you should add to the agreement. You may need to confirm finance, obtain a builders inspection, sell another property, or perhaps give yourself time to do other research and due diligence. When the market is hot, it can be advantageous to use the least number of conditions as possible, however it’s important to heed the advice of your professional team as failure to do so can be financially disastrous.
LIM Report and Building Inspection
To protect your interests, it’s recommended to obtain a Land Information Memorandum (LIM) report and a professional building inspection. The LIM report provides information about the property’s zoning, potential hazards, and any consents or permits. A building inspection helps identify any structural or maintenance issues that might require attention.
Once you are satisfied with the property’s condition, have obtained finance approval from your lender, and completed your due diligence, you can confirm that all conditions have been met. This step signifies your commitment to purchase the property and move forward with the transaction.
Paying The Deposit
Not to be confused with your equity-deposit. In order to confirm your commitment to the sale, you will need to pay the agreed deposit to the vendor’s solicitor or trust account at this stage. Normally this is 10% of the purchase price, however it can be varied by negotiation.
Before settlement day you will have the chance to perform a final inspection of the property to confirm your satisfaction with the condition. Anything that is out of order at this stage should be discussed with your solicitor / legal representative who can negotiate with the vendor.
Transfer of Title
During the settlement process, the property’s title transfers from the seller to the buyer. A solicitor or conveyancer facilitates this process, ensuring all legal requirements are met. They handle the necessary documentation and coordinate with all parties involved.
On settlement day, the remaining balance of the purchase price, along with any associated costs, is paid to the seller. The property’s keys are handed over, and you officially become the owner of your first home.
Move in and Celebrate!
Congratulations, you’ve done it! Now it’s time to have a customary fish & chip and champagne dinner on the living room floor before the moving truck arrives with all of your furniture.
1. Can I buy a home in New Zealand with less than a 20% deposit?
Yes, it is possible to buy a home with a deposit of less than 20%. However, it may result in additional costs such as Lender’s Mortgage Insurance (LMI) and you will usually pay a higher interest rate. If you’re in this situation there are multiple factors you need to consider such as using your Kiwisaver and the Government’s first home grant. Give us a call today if you want to be a low deposit home buyer.
2. What is the First Home Grant in New Zealand?
The First Home Grant is a government scheme that provides financial assistance to eligible first-time homebuyers, helping them increase their deposit amount.
3. How long does the settlement process usually take?
The settlement process typically takes around 4-6 weeks from the date the offer is accepted. However, this timeline can vary depending on various factors and the settlement date is negotiable between parties.
4. Do I need a solicitor or conveyancer for the settlement process?
Having a solicitor or conveyancer is highly recommended to ensure all legal requirements are met during the settlement process.
5. What happens if there are issues with the property’s title during settlement?
If there are issues with the property’s title, your solicitor or conveyancer will guide you through the necessary steps to resolve them before completing the settlement.